1894.Story of China and Japan, embracing their geographical positions

Story of China and Japan, embracing their geographical positions, enormous resources, wealth, emperors and courts, governments and people, manners and customs, how the people of these great nations live and die and maintain in oriental splendor the China and Japan of to-day, together with a sketch of Corea, and the Coreans (1894)

Author: Clark, James Hyde. [from old catalog]
Publisher: [n.p.] Oriental Pub. Co


text: Sea of Japan (p232)
Formaly the southern portion of Sahalien belonging to Japan, but this was ceded to Russia in 1875, certain of the Kurile Island group being granted in return. The Empire of Japan thus has an  area estimated at more than one hundred and fifty-five thousand square miles, and lies between 24.6-50.56 nothern latitude and 122.45-156.32east longtitude. . It is bounded on the north by the Sea of Okhotsuk, on the east by the North Pacific Ocean, on the south by the eastern Sea of China, and on the west by the Sea of Japan.


1895.The war in the East : Japan, China, and Corea : a complete history of the war

The war in the East : Japan, China, and Corea : a complete history of the war (1895)
Author: White, Trumbull, 1868-
Publisher: Philadelphia ; St. Louis : P.W. Ziegler & Co.

Text: Sea of japan
Japan occupies a striking position in these currents which flow northward from the Indian ocean and the Malay peninsula. That branch of the great Pacific equatorial current called the Kuro Shiwo, or dark tide or current, on account of its color, flows in a westerly direction past Formosa and the Liu Kiu islands, strikinig a branch up the Sea of Japan. With great velocity it scours the east coast of Kiushiu and the south of Shikoku; these with diminished rapidity it envelopes the group of island south the Bay of Yeddo; and flows northeast towards the shores of America, ultimately giving to our own Pacific coast states a far milder climate than the corresponding latitudes on the Atlantic coast.


1898.c.a.Glimpses of the Orient : or, The manners, customs, life and history of the people of China, Japan and Corea, the Philippine, Caroline and Lad

Glimpses of the Orient : or, The manners, customs, life and history of the people of China, Japan and Corea, the Philippine, Caroline and Ladrone Islands ... (c1898)
Author: White, Trumbull, 1868-1941
Publisher: [s.l. : s.n.]

text:geography Corea: Sea of japan strait of corea eastern sea.
Sea of Japan: Sea of Japan
Strait of Korea: Strait of Corea
east coast of Korea: east coast of Corea (NOT EAST SEA)
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea

For many a year the country of Coreah as been known in little more than name. Its territory is a peninsula on the east coast of Asia, between China on the continent, and the Japanese islands to the east ward. It extends from thirty-four degrees and thirty minutes to forty-three degree north latitude, and from one hundred and twenty-four degrees and thirty minutes to one hundred and thirty degree and thirty minutes east. longtitude, between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. The Yellow Sea separates in front the southern provinces of China, while the Sea of Japan and the Strait of Corea separate it from the Japanese islands. It has a coast line of about one thousand seven hundred and forty miles. and a total area of about ninety thousand square miles. The peninsula, with its outlying islands, is nearly equal in size to Minesota or to Great Britain. In general shape and relative position to th Asiatic continent in resembles Florida. Tradition and geological indications lead to the belief that an-ciently the Chinese promontory and province of Shan-tung, and the Corean peninsula were connected , and that dry land once covered the space filled by the waters joining the Gulf of Pechili and the Yellow Sea. These waters are so shallow that the elevation of their bottoms but a few feet would restore their area to the land surface of the globe. On the other side also, the Sea of Japan is very shallow and the Straits of Corea at their greatest depth have but eighty-three feet of waters. The east coast is high mountains, and but slightly intended. very few island or harbours. The south and west shores are deeply and mainfoldly scooped and fringed with numerous island. From these island-skirted shores, especially on the west coast, mud banks extend out to sea beyond sight . While the tide on the east coast is very slight, only two feet at Gensan, it increases on south and west coast in a north directon, rising to thirty-three feet at Chemulpo. The rapid rise and fall of tides. and the vast area of mud left bare at low water, cause frequent fogs, and render the numerous inlets little available except for native craft. On the west coast the rivers are frozen in winter, but the east coast is open the whole winter through.


1892.A martyr of our own times : life of Rev. Just de Bretenières, missionary apostolic, martyred in Corea in 1866

A martyr of our own times : life of Rev. Just de Bretenières, missionary apostolic, martyred in Corea in 1866 (1892)
Hulst, Monseigneur d', 1841-1896
Publisher: New York : Benziger

text :Sea of Japan. (P163)
For several years past the Russians had made such continuous progress in Tartary as greatly alarmed the Corean government for its own independence. Annexation followed annexation, until the Russians were very near the western frontiers of Corea, and touched upon the littele river which forms the boundary of the province of Ham-Kieng. In January 1866, a Russian vessel entered the port of Ouen-San, on the Sea of Japan, and dispatched the Corean Government a peremptory letter demanding that its ports be open to Russian vessels, and that Russian merchants be allowed to establish themselves in the country.



1879.History of Corea, ancient and modern; with description of manners and customs, language and geography

History of Corea, ancient and modern; with description of manners and customs, language and geography (1879)
Author: Ross, John, 1842-1915
Publisher: Paisley [Scotland] J. and R. Parlane

Attached map


The Yowchow commandant started a kingship in 380, and summoned all post-holders in the north to his  standard. He was doomed to disappointment;for from Ki in the west to Sinlo on the Japan sea, a unanimous reply was sent, tha they were the servants of the emperror, and would have no connection with rebels.

Geography Sea of japan Broughton bay(Yunghing-bay) 、Yellow sea
The beautifully clear waters of the wide and deep Yaloo separate Corean from Chinese soil, along its course from its source in Changbaishan to the point where it falls into the Yellow Sea near Takushan. The Toomun, also rising in Changbaishan, separates the northern border of Corea from both Chinese and Russian territory. The Japan Sea devides it from Japan, and the Yellow Sea washes its south ans south-west coasts.

The following notes on the coast of Corea are gleaned out of the China Pilot, published by the Admiralty, London. Those on the east coast are principally from the surveying voyage of the Russian frigate Pallas, which sailed along the shore in 1854; which survey was indirectly, the cause of the murder of the French missionaries (P.293) Chosan harbour, another name for Foosan, is pronounced one of the most important of Corean ports, because it is the entrepot of the Japanese trade; - but that was in the nd of the eighteenth century, when Broughton gave it that name. The neighbouring shores are populous, spotted with many villages, by which numerous streams fall into the sea. The coast for full sixty miles N.E of this harbour is very mountainous and barren desert. CAPE CLONARD , in lat. 36 5 3/4N is south side of the Bay of Unkofsky, which is four miles wide at the mouth, trends south-west with good anchourage in deep water, though the neigbourhood of the cape is unsafe. PIINGHAI harbour, sheltered by an island, is 30 miles further north than Clonard, the shores steep and the water deep. The high mountain Popof is west of CAPE PELISSIER, to the north of Unkofsky bay. Thence the the desolate coast runs 120 miles NNW to Cape Duroch. Sedlovoya, or Saddle-mountain , rises high in lat 38 10 1/2 N. DUROCH is the cape forming the southern point of Broughton Bay, which is ninety-three miles wide and fifty-five miles deep. Twenty-four miles W.N.W from CAPE PETIT THOUARS, the north of Broughton Bay, rises MT.Hienfung, 8113 feet high; the Belavenz mountains, fifteen miles S.W of Cape Duroch, being 5092 and 5884 feeet. Immidiately to the north of Broughton Bay is YUNGHING BAY, with the excellent harbour of Port Lezaref, into which falls the large Dungan river, its various braeches occupying the whole plain between two ranges of hills, and winding from one side to the other . ..................... .here Pallas finished her survey.

Territory of Corea;width (P396)
Corea stretches from 33.15 to 42.31 N. lat; and 122.15 to 131.10 E long. Hence the greatest length of its mainland is as the bird flies, about 600 miles , and greatest breadth , east to west ,over 300 miles. The Chinese account is therefore not so far out, when we remmber that the calculation is along the road, which, in so mountainous a coutry, has necessarily many winding turns between Onseng and Hainam.


1900.European settlements in the Far East; China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands, India, Borneo,......

European settlements in the Far East; China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands, India, Borneo, the Philippines, etc. .. (1900)
Author: Smith, D. Warres
Publisher: London, S. Low, Marston & company

Attached map: Sea of Japan Yellow Sea. Eastern Sea(East China Sea).


1894. The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado, or, China, Japan, and Corea : containing their complete history down to the present time

The flowery kingdom and the land of the Mikado, or, China, Japan, and Corea : containing their complete history down to the present time ... (1894)

Author: Northrup, Henry Davenport, 1836-1909; Young, John Russell, 1841-1899
Publisher: Cleveland : American Book Concern


text ;Sea of Japan (P293)
Seimou, the thirteenth Mikado, was ten feet high. The wives of the Mikados, who governed the Empire in the capacity of Regent, were equal in point of character to their venerable husbands. One of them, Zingou, A.D. 201, equipped a fleet, and , embarking at the head of a select army, crossed the Sea of Japan and conquered the Corea, from whence she returned just in time to give birth to a future Mikado.

yellow sea



【韓国】「東海、東アジア地中海と呼ぼう」 岡本福岡大教授、延烏郞と細烏女セミナーで主張 [10/11]

との記事が出ていますが、これ、福岡県立大学 岡本雅享本人に問い合わせを行った結果、(問い合わせ、というか、そもそも日露戦争以前に日本の学校の教科書ですでに日本海を教えていること、そして海 図・水路誌などでもきちんと記載があること、韓国側も日本海の名前を日露戦争以前に使っていたこと等の指摘から始まったやり取りではあるのですが)一部慶北新聞が、氏がセミナー及び当日資料として提出した論文で主張していないことを慶北新聞が書いていることの事(岡本教授本人談)でした。


"동해, 동아시아 지중해로 부르자"

오카모토 후쿠오카대 교수 연오랑세오녀 세미나서 주장
기사입력 | 2010-10-11
岡本福岡大教授 延烏郞(ヨノラン)細烏女(セオニョ) セミナーで主張
記事入力| 2010-10-11

"한국에서 '동해', 일본에서 '일본해'로 부르고 있는 동해를 '동아시아 지중해'로 부르자고 제안 합니다."

오카모토(岡本雅亨) 후쿠오카대 교수는 지난 8일 포항시청 대회의실에서 열린 연오랑세오녀연구소 주최 한일국제세미나에서 이 같은 주장을 펴 관심을 끌었다.

오카모토 교수는 "일본은 1904년 러시아와의 해전에서 승리한 것을 기념해 '동해'를 '일본해'라고 부르기 시작했다"면서 "그 이전에는 일본인들이 동해를 '북해'라고 불렀다"고 밝혔다.

또 "일본의 '일본해' 표현은 역사적으로 문제가 있다"면서 "한국과 일본 사이에 논란이 되고 있는 동해를 '동아시아 지중해'로 부르자"고 주장했다.

오카모토 교수는 지도를 거꾸로 놓고 보면 유럽과 아프리카 사이에 있는 지중해와 그 모양이 흡사하다면서 한일 간의 표기문제 해결 방법으로 이 같은 안을 내 놓았다.

오카모토 교수는 "지도를 보면 한국과 일본은 가깝고도 먼 나라가 아니라 가깝고도 가까운 나라"라면서 "양국간 서로 이해의 폭을 넓혀가야 할 것"이라고 주장했다.



この内海はその後、「不幸な歴史」の舞台となり、戦後は東西冷戦の中で「人を隔てる海」となった。しかし、それは 人類の歴史の中でみれば、ごく一時期のことであり、冷戦が終わり、日本で韓流ブームが起こるなどの状況変化も見れば、この内海が数十年後、100年後も 「人を隔てる海」であり続け、内海の対岸が「近くて遠い国」であり続ける可能性は、かえって小さい。その際、遅くとも8世紀初頭以来の古称「北ツ海」に比 べれば、圧倒的に歴史の浅い(1904年の日露戦争後に普及した)「日本海」という呼称も25、「東亜地中海」(East- AsiaMediterranean)などと呼びかえていくべきだろう。



まあ、岡本氏の主張する日本海海戦以降に「日本海」が普及した、ことも説明が付きません。そもそも、すでに福沢諭吉が1874年に世界国尽を書かれてから、日本の教科書に は日本海がきちんと記載され教えられているのです。また、日本の海図・水路誌などにも同様に日本海の記載があるのです。こういうのも平気で無視していま す。


また、岡本氏が主張する、東亜地中海と云う名称自体、使用された歴史は、一部の学者以外にはほぼないわ けですから、それよりも長く使用されてきた「日本海」との比較の対象になりえません。 ゆえに、日本海と比較対象になるのは、それよりも長い「遅くとも8 世紀初頭以来の古称「北ツ海」を出すべきですが、このあたり、岡本氏はご自身の自己矛盾についてわかっていらっしゃらない様です。




逆にインチキ寒流ブーム成るものは韓国に対して冷淡な層を増やすことにつながり、かつ、韓国側は北東アジア歴史財団等が反日プロパガンダをますます増進さ せ、竹島の侵略のみならず日本海呼称の剽窃のための反日プロパガンダを行っていること、そして、日本人を拉致し、核で恫喝を行っている北朝鮮という現状が あることは、近くて遠い国であり続ける可能性が小さくなるとは現在の段階では根拠に乏しいです。もちろん将来的な変化によって状況は変わるかもしれませんが。

いくつかは韓国側報道による発言の改ざんがあるものの、趣旨としては韓国の主張する「日本海」の呼称抹殺のために手を貸している人間であることは変わりま せん。そして、この論文自体の趣旨は、呼称問題の話ではなく、島国根性にたいする、どちらかと云うと反日的な批判論文であります。また、岡本教授とやら は、外国人関係のきな臭い集まりに結構顔を出している方のようでそのあたりに留意しておく必要はあります。 (朝鮮人学校無料化とか政策移民関係、また、 在日朝鮮人問題関係の集まり等にちらほら名前が出てきます))

1888.Life in Corea

Life in Corea(1888)
Author: Carles, William Richard, 1848-
Publisher: London ; New York : Macmillan and Co.

Atacched map
Sea of Japan:Sea of Japan
East Korean Gulf/Sea:Broughton Bay
Strait of Korea:Broughton Strait
Yellow Sea:Yellow Sea

Yellow Sea

east coast ((not East Sea)


1889.Corea and the powers: a review of the Far Eastern question, with appendices

Corea and the powers: a review of the Far Eastern question, with appendices (1889)
Author: Duncan, Chesney, b. 1854
Publisher: Shanghai, "Shanghai Mercury" Office

Text P47: Sea of Japan
"some pessmist lately was depreciating the claims of modern mechanics to the panegyrics commonly bestowed. To his fancy the markers of interoceanic canals and intercontinental railways seem conspirators bent on defrauging the globe of its rightful dimensions.He sees no good in having the world made smaller to traverse; and the Through Siberian line must not expect eulogy from him. To most minds, without heed of the motives of its designers, it will appear a magnificent conception and a large future boon to humanity. It is no light thing that the transit, whether for plreasure or for business, from London to the shores of the Sea of Japan ashould be able to be accomplished in eighteen days. Englishmen will admire; they need not be envious. For them the moral is that England, while not grudging to Russia, or declining to profit by, and advantages of the undertaking, should employ speedily its own means for effectiong analogus abridgments of time and space. Many correspondents are prepared to remind the British public of the profit the Empire might derive, for instance, from a railway alon the Euphrates Valley. That and other land routes to and through Asia have doubtlesstheir adventages.

east coast (Not East Sea)


1875.The Eastern seas: being a narrative of the voyage of H. M. S. "Dwarf" in China, Japan and Formosa.

The Eastern seas: being a narrative of the voyage of H. M. S. "Dwarf" in China, Japan and Formosa. With a description of the coast of Russian Tartary and Eastern Siberia, from the Corea to the river Amur (1875)
Author: Bax, Bonham Ward
Publisher: London, J. Murray


text sea of japan (P158)
There are some small trout in the streams, and we found the climate very pleasant. The "Mosquito" parted company here to go to Shanghai with the mails, while we continued our voyage up the sea of Japan with a fair wind, and all sail set. We passed along the coast of the Corea, which very much resembles that of Japan. On August 1st, we anebored iff the Russian settlement in Possiette Bay, which is lat . 42"40, and long . 130"45'E. The harbours is formed by Novgorod Bay , and Expedition Bay, and is a place of great importance and account of its being situated close to the Tummen-Ula river, which forms the boundary between Russia and the Corea.

*By the way, this book title shows
The Eastern seas not East Sea<>. The Eastern Sea means the Oriental area around East Asia seaS e.g. China, Japan, Formosa(Taiwan), Philippines, Tartary and so on.


1880.A Forbidden Land: Voyages to the Corea

A Forbidden Land: Voyages to the Corea (1880)
Ernst Jacob Oppert , Ernst Oppert
(Germam Original version here:)

I already post about Dagalet description on 1/10/2009, I forgot to upload the text of the description of Sea of Japan and so on. so I write hereby again.

text(p10 X):Sea of Japan.

Probably at no distant period those Powers which have an interest at stake in Eastern Asia will beompelled, with or against their will, to take into consideration what may be termed the Corean question-we may hope ere it is too late. The whole of the East Coast as far as the Tumen is already in the posession of Russia; a very small army and a few war-vessels are all that is required to occupy and hold permanently the Corean peninsula,kand if Russian chooses, she may at any moment make herself master of the entire Eastern Coast of Asia down to the Sea of Japan. And rather than see the present state of things continues, it might be preferable to have the Corea taken possession of by Russia;;at all events, it would then be made accessible, and cease to continue a monckery to the world.

The Japan Sea P11.
II have already mentioned that most of the Coreans claim to be in complete darkness and ignorance of their own origin; some declare quite seriously tha their ancestors have sprung from a black cow on the shores of the Japan Sea, while others again, and notably the larger and more important families, ascribe their origin to a somewhat mysterious and supernatulral cause. Those legends, very serously transmitted and related, enjoy to this day a kind of lauful acknowledgement and recognition, as many well informed native assert; with the lower classes, however, they find no belief, and are explained and commented upon by the people in a manner irreverant as well as prosaic.

Strait of Corea (Page 1)
In the most easterly part of the Asiatic continent, separrated from the Chinese Empire by the great Yalou River and by a formidable mountain range, called the "Tchan pe chang, or Pe theu shan"(the Whiteheaded Mountains,)( a large peninsula, forming the present kingdom of Corea, stretches from the 42-19 deg- N. latitude far southward to the shores of the Straits of Corea.

east coast(Not East Sea)
Hankien \ Kang Ouen on the east coast and Kjon-tsan. /

Pieng'an \ Hoang-hai Kien-kei on the west coast Tson-tson Tsiel-la /


They would express Korean called "east sea" as a recognization of just a east coast of Korean peninsula. The "east coast (of Corea) is different recognization of Sea of Japan because they clearly state the name of Sea of Japan in the texts


1888.The principles and practice of medicine in Corea

The principles and practice of medicine in Corea (1888)
Author: Cowan, Frank, 1844-1905
Subject: Medicine

Sea of Japan:Japan Sea
Zoologic-Lists of mammals, birds, and fish, obtained from an examination of the packs of skins and boats of the fishermen in the ports, and from observation during my excursionsl collections of butterflies and beetles, of which I made a specialty. I was surprised at the large number of whales in the Japan Sea, north of Cape Peliseier. In one forenooon, I counted as many as fourteen, sperm and scragland during the voyage, without keeping a special lookout, twenty-four. The large oyster, which abounds in the great harbour of Genzanshin, is equal to the second quality of American oyster. With respect to the large pearls of Corea, to which frequent allusion is made in Chinese history, I found nonel; ornaments, in fact, being rare, limited to several only for the hair and hat, of jade, tortoise-shell, lead, and felspar.

Eastern coast. (Not East Sea)


1904.The vanguard, a tale of Korea

1904.The vanguard, a tale of Korea (1904)

Author: Gale, James Scarth, 1863-1937

Sea of Japan: Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea

Sea of Japan
With Gilbert and Foster to translate, and Willis to or-ganize a carrying combine, they were pushed to the far-thest limits of the land. A way up on the Yalu they were to be found papering the walls, sometimes upside down and inside out, but, "never mind, send on more";on to distant Russia, and away east into the little hamlets by the Sea of Japan.

Yellow sea
Steamers of from four to seven hundred tons, manned partly by Japanese, partly by Korens, make two or three trips a week, starting from Chemulpo. He would take one of these and join the frineds who had gone before him, and add his hallelujah. How glorious the day! A lovely summer sun shimmerered across the Yellow Sea and sampans with their sails tripped the shadows here and there.


1902.The Korea Review

1902.The Korea Review (1902) A MONTHLY MAGAZINE
Giner B Hulbert A.M.F.R.G.S. 1902

Sea of Japan:Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea
Kin Pu0suj the greatest, perhaps, or the Koryo writers, to whom we owe ther invaluable Sam--guk-sa wrote also a complete novel in one volume entitled Puk-chang-sung or "The story of the Loug North Wall". This may properly be called and historical novel. for  Korea once boasted a counterpart to the Great Wall of China and it extended from the Yellow Sea to the Japan Sea across the whole of nothern Korea.

Dagelet description;
The few Korean residents on the island of Ulleungdo or Daggelet or Matsushima had sent and urgent request that the government compel the Governor of the islands, who has absented himself for more than a year, to remain on the island. and that troops be sent to help the people in thier efforts to prevent the despoiling of the forests on the island by Japanese.


1900.China and the present crisis, with notes on a visit to Japan and Korea (1900)

1900.China and the present crisis, with notes on a visit to Japan and Korea (1900)

Author: Walton, Joseph, Sir, Bart., 1849-1923
Publisher: London, S. Low, Marston & company

Attached map:
Sea of Japan: Japan Sea
Broughton bay:Broughton bay
Strait of Kora: Korean Strait
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea
East China Sea: East China Sea

The attached map incrudes Dagelet(Matsushima-Ulluengdo) and Liancourt ou Hornet Rocks (Takeshima)


1891.A travers le Japon (1891)

1891.A travers le Japon (1891)
Author: L. Ussèle
Publisher: J. Rothschild

Attched map of Japan
Sea of Japan:Mer du Japon
Strait of Korea: Detroit de Coree


1860 Renseignements hydrographiques sur les îles Bashée, les îles Formose et Lou-Tchou, la Corée, la Mer du Japon, les îles du Japon DEUXIEME EDITION

1860 Renseignements hydrographiques sur les îles Bashée, les îles Formose et Lou-Tchou, la Corée, la Mer du Japon, les îles du Japon (Ports d'Hakodaki, Ne-e-Gate, ... Yedo) et la Mer d'Okhotsk
ArthurAlexandre Le Gras (Author)
by Paul Dupont, Paris.

I just googled it in Amazon. com and there hits as follows;
ofcourse, The pilot magazine shows the name of Sea of japan on 1860 , French navy already use the name of Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea. In additon they refere to Broughton Bay.
But.I need more detailed information each place of name on this book as follows; thanks.

Mer Jaune -Sir James-Hall, Ile Tchodo......99
Ile Seminelle, Ile Tsus-sima........................199

MER DU JAPON - Vems pf courants...........121
Ile Dagelet, rouches Liancourt, Tako-sima, rouches Waywoda... 123
Baie Ping-hai.....................................................127
Goulf de Broughton ,Ile Mouchez............128
Baie Broughton ............................................133

Coree cote Est 124 a 150
cote Ouest 99 a 115
Core Sud 117

266 Index alphabetique
Broughton (Baie) 55 133
(Goulfe de) 128
Liancourt ou Hornet (rochers)...123

Matsu-Sima ou Dagelet (Ille)...123
Mer du Japon 121 a 150
Mer Jaune 98 a 112

Tako-sima ou Argonaute (Ille) ....124




慶尚北道図 韓国国立中央図書館 古朝61-84

There are two Detailed Ulleungdo map, one is Daehan-sin-Jisi (1907) and Korean Language Reading (1906-1907).

1905.09.17.の分道詳密韓国新地図 青木恒三郎編 大阪:青木嵩山堂

We can confirm the original design of These two Detailed Ulleungdo map above, is Bundo-Syo-mitsu Kankoku Sin Tizu (New detailed provincial map of Korea, 1905).

1904.第15艦隊鬱陵島見取り図(明治三十七年海戦史) 1906.05.26欝陵島見取り図 奥原
である。 奥原の地図は、分道詳密韓国新地図よりも後に発行されており、

There are another two map which desgins resemble to ;
One is No 15th fleet Ulluengdo outline map (1904) and Outline map of Ulluengdo (1906). No.15th fleet map is older than "New Korean detailed map". Okuhara's Ulluengdo outline map (1906) is newer than "New Korean detailed map"


These two outoline map doesnt describes the detail of geography information, although there are richer infomation of Ulluengdo detailed place of names than "New Korean detailed Map" In the sea there are depth information. We dont know which detailed Ulluengdo map the Aoki reference to design.

1906.05.26欝陵島見取り図 奥原 (右、もしくは下)


those two map show the information of Ulluengdo around 1904-1905 at least.

1900年06月12日 在釜山 領事官補 赤塚正助 鬱陵島調査槪況山林調査槪況報告件の添付圖




1900年06月12日 在釜山 領事官補 赤塚正助 鬱陵島調査槪況





1861.Notes sur le Japon, la Chine et l'Inde : 1858-1859-1860 (1861)

1861.Notes sur le Japon, la Chine et l'Inde : 1858-1859-1860 (1861)
Author: Chassiron, Charles Gustave Martin, baron de, 1818-1871
Publisher: Paris : E.Dentu [etc.]

Attached map

Sea of Japan: Mer du Japon

*This archive is folded map in the book and I couldnt find any perfect images. If you know this full-size design map let me know the strait of Korea , Broughton bay ,east china sea and so on.

Yellow Sea:Mer Jaune

1870.輿地誌略 巻一 大學南校 内田, 正雄

1870.輿地誌略 巻一 大學南校 内田, 正雄

Attached map

map of Asia(P64): 日本海(Sea of Japan) and 東海(East(China)Sea)and 黄海Yellow Sea

map of Japan (P68);日本海(Sea of Japan) and 朝鮮峡(Strait of Korea)

巻1 亜細亜
Sea" is the part of "Ocean" and small one, nearby the land. The sea between Japan and manchuria called Sea of Japan.


1878.La Chine et le Japon et l'Exposition de 1878

1878.La Chine et le Japon et l'Exposition de 1878
Author: Clovis Lamarre , Adalbert Frout de Fontpertuis
Publisher: Librairie Ch. Delagrave

Attached Map
Sea of Japan:Mer du Japon

*This image has folded map on digital archives.If you know the full images please advice us.

1832.TROIS ROYAUMES by Klaploth 

1832 Klaploth's  San kokf tsou ran to sets: ou Aperçu général des trois royaumes (Translated of San Kokf Tuuran Tsu Setsu (三国通覧図説:Original arthor:Hayashi Shihei林子平)
Author: Julius von Klaproth , Rinsifée
Publisher: Printed for the Oriental translation fund of Great Britain and Ireland, sold by J . Murray [etc., London]

There describes;
Sea of Japan: mer du Japon
Yellow Sea: mer Jaune

P12 reference;
(3)Ced deux fleuves sont le Ya lou kiang, qui se jette dans la
mer Jaune et le Tommen outta, qui a son enbouchure dans la
mer ju Japon. Co dernuer porte dans les relatius japonaises le
nom de Foro-ara, il a d

P103 reference (about Takeshima Dagelet Ulluengdo)

34. L'ile Thian sian tao,ou des Immortels
du Ciel, est dans la mer au sud de Thsiuan
tcheou. On L'appelle aussi Lan chan tao.

35.Tchu tao, ou l ile du Bambou, est au
sud-ouest de la frontiere de Khing tcheou,pres
de la cote. Sous les Ming, dans la vingt-
cinquieme des annees Wan ly (1597), les Japo-
nais,ayant etabli leur station maritime a Fou
chan, faisaient des descentes frequentes sur cette
ile, d'ou ils inquieterent Liang chan et Hioung
tchhouan. Bientot apres ils s'emparerent de
Liang chan et entrerent dans Khing tcheou (i)
L'ile Kiu tsi tao est a l'est de celle de Tchu
tao, pres de la cote. Les Tchao sian y ont etabli
la ville de Kiu tsi hian, ainsi qu'un port pour
leur marine militaire. Elle est dans une assiette
plus forte que celle da Fou chan.

(1)Cette ile 島竹 Tchu tao, ou de Bambou, ne peut
etre la meme qui est representee sur la Carte du Tchao sian, ac-
compagnant ce volume. Celle-ci Ri'est pas situee au sud-onest de la
ville Khing tceou et pres de la cote , mais au nord-est, et a
une distance considerable de la cote de la Coree. Elle est ap-
pelee par les Japonais Take sima (ce qui signifie egalement Ille de
jBambou ), et porte aussi les noms de 國山于 Thsian
chan koue (ou d'apres la prononciation japonaise Sen san kokf)
Royaume de mille Montagnes, et 島陵鬱 Yu Ling tao
Wots rio too) Elle est habitee moitie par des Coreens moitie
par des Japonais. Il parait que c'est V Ille de Dagelet decouverte
par La Perouse. Kt.

*Rmks; Ulluengdo used to be called as Takeshima in Japan on Edo-era. This "Takeshima" is different from Today'S "Takeshima" of Lianocourt Rocks"

Attached map;

Carte de la Coree


CF; Map of Kanwondo (Joseon dynasty). It is said that Hayashi shihei draw Ulleungdo(Takesima in edo era, not liancourt rocks) referenced from the Korean atlas stored at Nagasaki. The unnamed adjuctive island ,northeast of Take-sima on Carte Troys Royaume,
is same match with the Korean atlas below. It is Usando-Boussoule Rock.


1902.Corean Words and Phrases ,John W. Hodge

Corean Words and Phrases: Being a Handbook and Pocket Dictionary for Visitors to Corea (1902)
Author: John W. Hodge
Publisher: Seoul press

Sea of Japan:
Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea :Yellow Sea

Page 265 (n285) river

River, A Kang X (Some of the chief rivers in Corean: In the north, Am-nock-kang XXX, emptying itself into the Yellow Sea ; To-man-kang XXX, emptying itself into the Sea of Japan. On the West Coast: Tchung-fchuu-kang XXX;lTai-tong-kang XXX; Han-kang XX; Chang-pbau-kang XXX; Keum-kang XX; Yong-san-kang XXX. On the south coast : Ack-yang-kang XXX, Nuk-tong-kang XXX

1897.The Corean government: constitutional changes, July 1894 to October 1895.

The Corean government: constitutional changes, July 1894 to October 1895. With an appendix on subsequent enactments to 30th June 1896 (1897) Wilkinson, William Henry, 1858-

**I couldnt find any name of the sea on this book.

Attached map (Dagelt island incrude, Liancourt rocks no incrudes)

Dagelet Island.

14th of October 1894 to 4th October 1895.

No.17 4October Dagelet Island: appontment of Overseer(To-kam).


1904.Korea. by Hamilton, A. (Angus)

Korea (1904)http://www.archive.org/details/korea00hamigoog
Hamilton, A. (Angus), 1874-1913 New York, C. Scribner's sons
Year: 1904

Sea of Japan: Sea of Japan
Broughton bay: Broughton Bay
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea

Chapter Ⅰ
P7 (N61)

Englishmen were not the sole navigators who were attracted by the unknown character  of the land, and the surpassing dangers of the waters, around the Island of Quelpart, wherre the Sea of Japan mingles in tempestu-ous chaos with the Yellow Sea. Russian and French navigators also worked their way throught the danger-ous shoals and quicksands, along the tortuous and muddy rivers, into the harbours and throught the narrow straits which hold back these islands from the main land. The shores teem with the distinguished name of men of science and sons of the high seas.  Following the curl and twist of its configuration a host of buried names are revealed, the last evidence of men who are dead and forgotten. It is infinitely patheric that even this one last resting-place should b e denied to their reputations. ,who shares Broughton's Bay; Unkoffsky, who foundered in the waters of the bay which is described by his name; the ill-fated La Perouse, who, in June, 1787, discovered in the Sea of Japan an island which now bears the name of the astronomer-Dagelet. Durock, Pelisier, Schwartz, and the rest- what echo do we find of them, their fates, and subsequent careerrs? Should not their names at least bear witness to their pains and labours, to the difficulties which they faced, to the small joy of something attempted something done, wich was their sole consolation for may hours of cheerless and empty vigil?

1895.Quaint Korea , by Miln, Louise Jordan

Quaint Korea (1895)
Author: Miln, Louise Jordan, 1864-1933

Sea of Japan: Sea of Japan
Yellow Sea: Yellow Sea


Korea is a most distressingly hilly country.
If you elect to go for a decent stroll,
it is a matter of climbing a hill,and
when you reach the summit of the hill
it is a matter of tumbling down the other side,
to scramble up another hill, and and downs,
even though you go north until you reach the
" Ever White Mountain," and, in reaching it,
reach the " River of the Duck's Green,"
which, flowing towards the south,divides Korea
from China; reach the Tu Man Rang which,
flowing towards the north-east, divides Korea
from the territory of the Tsar. Up and down
it will be, even though you push east
until you reach the purple " Sea of Japan."
Still up and down you will find it,
although you go as far south, or as far west,
as Korea goes, and find yourself
on the shores of China's " Yellow Sea."
Korea looks like a stage storm-at-sea.
Its hills are so many that they lose their grandeur,
as individuality is lost in multitude.