1884.The earth and its inhabitants, Asia

The earth and its inhabitants, Asia (1884)
Author: Reclus, Élisée, 1830-1905; Keane, A. H. (Augustus Henry), 1833-1912
Publisher: New York : D. Appleton

Attached Map:Sea of Japan.
Dagelet(Ullleungdo/Matsu-sima) ,Hornet Rocks (Shimane-Takeshima,Liancourt Rocks)


Text:Sea of Japan
The threee curves of the Kuriles, Hondo, and Liu-Kiu rise above the depest known oceanic waters. But on their west side they are separated from the main-land only by superficial cavities. Though Sakhalin, Japan, so to say, touches the continent; while through Kiu-siu and the intermediate island of Tsu-sima it approacheds Korea in waters nowhere more than 400 feeet deep. A profond trough is developed only between the Gulf of Tartary and the two strait of Tsu-sima, where the sounding line has recovered 1500 fathoms near Cape Kozakov on the north-east coast of Korea. Towards the middle of the Sea of Japan still greater depth probably occur

One of the navive name of the archipelago is Oho-ya-sima, or "Eight Large Islands;" Sado, Tsu-sima, Oki and Iki in the Sea of Japan and Avadxi in the Inland Sea, being also incruded amongst the main islands.

On the north side of the large island the two cities of Tsuruga and Obam on Vakasa Bay correspond to those of Ohosaka and Hiogo, which which they communicate through Lake Biva and the neighbouring depressions. These northern parts of the isthmus, turned towards the storm-tossed sea of Japan, and possessing mercly a narrow strip of arabic land at the foot of the hills, could scarcely hope to compete with the commercial cities of the southern shores.

text:Strait of Korea
The first accurate observations date only from the eighteenth century, and it was not till 1787 that La Perouse determinded the position of the large island of Quelpuert (the Tanglo of the Chinese, and Tamuro of the Japanese),. and surveyed the Strait of Korea between the two inland seas. Ten years afterwards Broughton coasted the southern extremity, passing through the strait which bears his name, and which flows between the mainland and the double island of Tsu-sima . Later on Krusenstern extended our knowlege of the coast north from the island of Kiu-siu , and the work of exploration was continued during the present century by Maxwell, Basil Hall, and others of varous nationalities.

Mineral, wealth-flora and fauna-climate Amongst the volcanic islands on the coast, Ollonto, the Japanese Matsu-sima, and the Dagelet of European geographers, forms a cone over 4,000 feet high, while its spurs plunge into depths of 4,500 feet and upwards. But the reports of the missionaries throw no light on the geological formation of the highlands on the mainland. Gold, however, is stated to be abundant in several places; but mining operations, both for it and for silver, are forbidden under severe penalties, for fear of exciting the cupidity of the neighbouring people. Korea also posesses deposits of lead and copper , altohugh copper nad bronze weare are imported from Japan. There are said to be whole mountains of iron ores, which are washed down by the rains in quantities fufficient to supply the smelting works.

*Aye, this map made on 1884, it is earlier than Japan annexed Korea on 1910. So Korean claim which "the name of Sea of Japan established under the colonial rule of Korea", is distorture.

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